Munitions designed to combine penetration, blast or fragmentation effects with an additional incendiary effect, such as armor-piercing projectiles, fragmentation shells, explosive bombs and similar combined-effects munitions in which the incendiary effect is not specifically designed to cause burn injury to persons, but to be used against military objectives, such as armoured vehicles, aircraft and installations or facilities. An example of something described as incendiary is a highly explosive and flammable material. [citation needed] Eighth Army chemical officer Donald Bode reported that on an "average good day" UN pilots used 70,000 gallons of napalm, with approximately 60,000 gallons of this thrown by US forces. The principal's incendiary remarks about their clothes were not appropriate for the students to hear. Incendiary definition, used or adapted for setting property on fire: incendiary bombs. 3. Search incendiary material and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Five incendiary devices were found in her house. The American official who took this statement declined to publicize it. A flamethrower is a ranged incendiary device designed to project a controllable jet of fire.First deployed by the Byzantine Greeks in the 1st century AD, flamethrowers saw use in modern times during World War I, and more widely in World War II as a tactical siege weapon against fortifications.. Updated September 20, 2020. If they do so at B, it will contain five horizons (1 to 5). An incendiary bomb is used to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using materials such as napalm, thermite, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus. An incendiary device is any firebomb, and any device designed or specially adapted to cause physical harm to persons or property by means of fire, and consisting of an incendiary substance or agency and a means to ignite it. Napalm proper is no longer used by the United States, although the kerosene-fuelled Mark 77 MOD 5 Firebomb is currently in use. All Rights Reserved. Many different configurations of incendiary bombs and a wide range of filling materials such as isobutyl methacrylate (IM) polymer, napalm, and similar jellied-petroleum formulas were used, many of them developed by the US Chemical Warfare Service. Incendiary weapons, incendiary devices, incendiary munitions, or incendiary bombs are weapons designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using fire (and sometimes used as anti-personnel weaponry), that use materials such as napalm, thermite, magnesium powder, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus. It takes very high temperatures to ignite, but when alight, it can burn through solid steel. Racks holding 36 of these bombs were developed, four of which could, in turn, be fitted to an electrically triggered dispenser so that a single He 111 bomber could carry 1,152 incendiary bombs, or more usually a mixed load. Less successful was the Flammenbombe, a 250 kg or 500 kg high explosive bomb case filled with an inflammable oil mixture, which often failed to detonate and was withdrawn in January 1941.[9]. Most people chose this as the best definition of incendiary: The definition of incendi... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Of or containing chemicals that produce intensely hot fire when exploded. 2. [5] A plan to fire bomb New York with new long range Zeppelins of the L70 class was proposed by the naval airship fleet commander Peter Strasser in July 1918, but it was vetoed by Admiral Reinhard Scheer.[6]. They were dropped from Zeppelin airships. The purposes of incendiaries are to cause maximum fire damage on flammable materials and objects and to illuminate. Such devices have both military use in the destruction of property and war materiel and civilian application, for example, in starting backfires for forest fire control. I am writing this on October 1, 2020. An incendiary device exploded in the store, setting fire to furniture. [7] Probably the most famous incendiary attacks are the bombing of Dresden and the bombing of Tokyo on 10 March 1945. Learn more. Torches or flashlights are sometimes used to ignite IIDs. The bomb was ignited by a thermite charge, but the main incendiary effect was from the magnesium and aluminium alloy casing, which ignited at 650° Celsius, burned at 1,100 Â°C and emitted vapour that burned at 1,800 Â°C. An example of something described as incendiary is a controversial political topic like the death penalty. In the Pacific War, during the last seven months of strategic bombing by B-29 Superfortresses in the air war against Japan, a change to firebombing tactics resulted in the death of 500,000 Japanese and the homelessness of five million more. Many incendiary weapons developed and deployed during World War II were in the form of bombs and shells whose main incendiary component is white phosphorus (WP), and can be used in an offensive anti-personnel role against enemy troop concentrations, but WP is also used for signalling, smoke screens, and target-marking purposes. The component parts of an IID will generally be an Incendiary Material, for example Petroleum; a means of ignition with possibly its own power source, like batteries; and a timer mechanism to control exactly when it ignites. 6420.5 Fire Setting/Incendiary Material-The possession of any incendiary material (including but not limited to [...] matches, lighters, or lighter fluid) or the use of any material reasonably likely to result in a fire on school property is prohibited. Incendiary definition: Incendiary weapons or attacks are ones that cause large fires. Designs of incendiary munitions vary widely (as do their applications), so this technical overview will focus on the fundamental elements of their operations. Sixty-seven Japanese cities lost significant areas to incendiary attacks. A bomb or combination of chemicals used to start a fire. Fuel-air explosive; 5. In the case of napalm, the gel adheres to surfaces and resists suppression. On the other side … Sample 1 Based on 1 documents Later, an extensive reprisal was enacted by the Allies in the strategic bombing campaign that led to the near-annihilation of many German cities. [1], After further experiments with 5-litre barrels of benzol, in 1918, the B-1E Elektron fire bomb (German: Elektronbrandbombe) was developed by scientists and engineers at the Griesheim-Elektron chemical works. When certain incendiary stories break in the news, I have found that it is almost always better to step back, let a little of the dust settle, and then weigh in. small bombs, bomblet clusters and large bombs, were tested and implemented. Incendiary devices have caused mill They did have a considerable effect on the morale of the civilian population of the United Kingdom. Flamethrower; 4. This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 03:30. WP was widely credited by many Allied soldiers for breaking up numerous German infantry attacks and creating havoc among enemy troop concentrations during the latter part of World War II. Modern incendiary bombs usually contain thermite, made from aluminium and ferric oxide. A variety of pyrophoric materials can also be used: selected organometallic compounds, most often triethylaluminium, trimethylaluminium, and some other alkyl and aryl derivatives of aluminium, magnesium, boron, zinc, sodium, and lithium, can be used. Forensic scientists participate in the investigation of major crimes—not necessarily violent ones—and are present at many accident scenes. For example, a tall taper is set in the floor of a closet surrounded by newspapers. The original manuscript first belonged to Montmerque, and then passed into the possession of Le Roux de Lincy, who prepared an annotated edition; unfortunately this material, together with the original MS., was lost in the incendiary fires which took place under the Commune (1871). incendiary meaning: 1. designed to cause fires: 2. likely to cause violence or strong feelings of anger: 3. designed…. "Fire Setting and Related Mechanisms," Criminal Investigation, Chap 20 This is typically some kind of accelerant or highly flammable material that is set to catch on fire by the timer. Around fifty-five million incendiary bombs were dropped on Germany by Avro Lancasters alone. The first incendiary devices to be dropped during World War I fell on coastal towns in the south west of England on the night of 18–19 January 1915. It was normal for a proportion of high explosive bombs to be dropped during incendiary attacks in order to expose combustible material and to fill the streets with craters and rubble, hindering rescue services. Chemical Incendiaries. The U.S. Army and Marines used WP extensively in World War II and Korea for all three purposes, frequently using WP shells in large 4.2-inch chemical mortars. It was the weapon of choice for the British "dehousing" plan. incendiary material means a flammable or combustible liquid, and includes gasoline, acetone, benzene, butane, jet fuel, fuel oil, kerosene, and diesel fuel. [13] Winston Churchill, among others, criticized American use of napalm in Korea, calling it "very cruel", as the US/UN forces, he said, were "splashing it all over the civilian population", "tortur[ing] great masses of people". US4060435A US05/590,370 US59037075A US4060435A US 4060435 A US4060435 A US 4060435A US 59037075 A US59037075 A US 59037075A US 4060435 A US4060435 A US 4060435A Authority US United States Prior art keywords composition incendiary compositions floatable oxidizer Prior art date 1974-07-11 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Some siege techniques—such as mining and boring—relied on combustibles and fire to complete the collapse of walls and structures. It was capable of burning for up to ten minutes. Fortunately, the fire didn't spread. An explosive charge would then ignite the incendiary material, often starting a raging fire. A person who intentionally starts a fire with the purpose of causing damage or injury. 12–13)", "SUPERFLAMER Dropped by Chute Throws Fire 15 Feet. On 8 September 1915, Zeppelin L-13 dropped a large number of firebombs, but even then the results were poor and they were generally ineffective in terms of the damage inflicted. Incendiary Materials The functional purpose of all incendiary munitions, from historical Greek fire to modern day fuel-air bombs, is to ignite a robustly burning fire across a wide swath of the target area. Tending to arouse strong emotion or conflict; inflammatory. the sample will contain four horizons (1, 2, 3, and 5). Articles in late 1944 claimed that the flame was so hot it could crumble a brick wall. Ignitable Liquid Classification System. at 5. Incendiary Weapons. 14. Causing or designed to cause fires, as certain substances, bombs, etc. Modern incendiary bombs usually contain thermite, made from aluminium and ferric oxide. Probably the most famous incendiary attacks are the bombing of Dresden and the bombing of Tokyo on 10 March 1945. The fire would burn at extreme temperatures that could destroy most buildings made of wood or other combustible materials (buildings constructed of stone tend to resist incendiary destruction unless they are first blown open by high explosives). | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples (U//FOUO) Improvised incendiary devices (IIDs) can be constructed easily from everyday materials available at hardware and grocery stores. The United States has confirmed the use of Mark 77s in Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003. Yuri Lyamin and Michael Smallwood, “9M22S Incendiary Rocket Components Documented in Eastern Ukraine,” post to “The Hoplite” (blog), Armament Research Services, October 14, … As all of these examples indicate, the term forensic refers to anything per - taining or potentially pertaining to law, both civil and criminal. In World War II, incendiaries were principally developed in order to destroy the many small, decentralised war industries located (often intentionally) throughout vast tracts of city land in an effort to escape destruction by conventionally aimed high-explosive bombs. Thickened triethylaluminium, a napalm-like substance that ignites in contact with air, is known as thickened pyrophoric agent, or TPA. Napalm was widely used by the United States during the Korean War,[12] most notably during the battle "Outpost Harry" in South Korea during the night of June 10–11, 1953. A person who willfully stirs up strife, riot, rebellion, etc. (figuratively) One who excites or inflames factions into. The present invention relates to incendiary devices which are designed to ignite combustible material and are dispersed by means of an explosive charge. Hand in hand with a timer is usually an incendiary device. In both World War II and Korea, WP was found particularly useful in overcoming enemy human wave attacks. All weapons are strictly prohibited from the stadium, from small knives to incendiary devices. Willfully stirring up strife, riot, rebellion, etc. Incendiary Indicators, Management for Arson Prevention and Control. Politics is an incendiary topic; it tends to cause fights to break out. [14], During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Air Force developed the CBU-55, a cluster bomb incendiary fuelled by propane, a weapon that was used only once in warfare. US2530491A US555767A US55576744A US2530491A US 2530491 A US2530491 A US 2530491A US 555767 A US555767 A US 555767A US 55576744 A US55576744 A US 55576744A US 2530491 A US2530491 A US 2530491A Authority US United States Prior art keywords magnesium incendiary dust oxidizing agent starch Prior art date 1944-09-25 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is … A variety of pyrophoric materials can also be used: Selec… Different methods of delivery, e.g. [3] Thousands of Elektron bombs were stockpiled at forward bomber bases and the operation was scheduled for August and again in early September 1918, but on both occasions, the order to take off was countermanded at the last moment, perhaps because of the fear of Allied reprisals against German cities. Incendiary mixtures, such as the petroleum-based Greek fire, were launched by throwing machines or administered through a siphon. Though colloquially often known as bombs, they are not explosives but in fact are designed to slow the process of chemical reactions and use ignition rather than detonation to start or maintain the reaction. 4. The soldiers were trained to deal with incendiary attacks. The bomb consisted of a hollow body made from aluminium-magnesium alloy with a cast iron/steel nose, and filled with thermite incendiary pellets. The German Luftwaffe started the war using the 1918-designed one-kilogram magnesium alloy B-1E Elektronbrandbombe; later modifications included the addition of a small explosive charge intended to penetrate the roof of any building which it landed on. ", "Books in brief. See more. In World War II, such devices were employed in incendiary grenades to burn through heavy armour plate, or as a quick welding mechanism to destroy artillery and other complex machined weapons. There was also a high explosive version and delayed high explosive versions (2–4 minutes) which were designed to kill rescuers and firefighters. It has been exactly ten days since the National Gallery of Art website posted a joint “Statement from the Directors” of the NGA, Boston MFA, Tate Modern and Houston MFA—the four venues where the long-awaited “Philip Guston Now” retrospective was to open this summer, announcing its delay until 2024. It takes very high temperatures to ignite, but when alight, it can burn through solid steel. (U//FOUO) Improvised incendiary devices (IIDs) typically are less expensive to make than improvised explosive devices but still are capable of creating mass casualties and causing widespread fear and panic. Research by American Reinsurance. Local depletions of material in a container may occur due to its use in another application (such as an incendiary device) by the suspect, and thus taking a sample in the same place the sus­ Examples of incendiary devices include: 1. Incendiary definition is - igniting combustible materials spontaneously. 58+1 sentence examples: 1. The military used incendiaries to destroy the building. remnants of the incendiary materials. Incendiary bombs were used extensively in World War II as an effective bombing weapon, often in a conjunction with high-explosive bombs. A further advantage of the alloy casing was its lightness, being a quarter of the density of steel, which meant that each bomber could carry a considerable number. [4] The Royal Air Force had already used their own "Baby" Incendiary Bomb (BIB) which also contained a thermite charge. In World War II, such devices were employed in incendiary grenades to burn through heavy armor plate, or as a quick welding mechanism to destroy artilleryand other complex machined weapons. Penal Code 18710 PC is the California statute that makes it a crime to possess a “destructive device.” This category includes bombs, grenades, explosive missiles, projectiles containing incendiary material, and certain types of rockets or rocket-propelled projectiles. The 4 lb (1.8 kg) incendiary bomb, developed by ICI, was the standard light incendiary bomb used by RAF Bomber Command in very large numbers, declining slightly in 1944 to 35.8 million bombs produced (the decline being due to more bombs arriving from the United States). Example of something described as incendiary is a highly explosive and flammable material that is likely to cause controversy or. With thermite incendiary pellets intensely hot fire when exploded has confirmed the use Mark... 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The officer history was Operation Meetinghouse, an extensive reprisal was enacted by timer! At many accident scenes a tall taper is set in the investigation of crimes—not! Are designed to cause controversy, or something that is likely to controversy!